WAEC Civic Education Questions and Answers 2023/2024 | Obj & Theory

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Human rights means certain privileges enjoyed by every citizen in a country irrespective of gender,tribe or creed. Human rights are natural ,civil,politics and legal


Human rights are the basic natural rights which are essential for human existence and every citizen is entitled to.



(i) Being detained by law for an offence committed

(ii) During wars, a person’s right can be violated

(iii) During a curfew

(iv) When a citizen has a contagious or an infectious disease.

(v) Declaration of a state of emergency

(vi) Acquisition of individual’s property by the state for public use


(i) To guarantee the liberty of citizens: It guarantees a total safeguard  of human right, peace and unity in the society as the constitution is a body of laws and principles through which a state is ruled

(ii) To make sure the rights of citizens are not violated: Laws that are not written in the constitution are unknown to law, they cannot be exercised or sanctioned when violated.

(iii) To punish violators: The written form of human right gives room for a provision of a section for punishment of an offender or someone who infringed on someone’s right.


(i) The first important quality of a responsible parent is choosing the right partner, to prevent future disputes.
(ii) Responsible parenthood requires parents to consider their financial ability and plan on the number of children to give birth to, and cater for.

(i) Responsible citizenry: Parents care for their child’s wellbeing, health, safety and character development especially at their early years. These will help the child into development and law-abiding adult citizens thereby making the children contribute to the development of the society.
(ii) Reduction in crime: A responsible parents put in their children good and acceptable societal values of love, honesty, diligence, contentment and integrity. And these influence the pattern of development and behaviour of their children especially at adulthood. Thereby reducing the rate of crime in the society.

(iii) Healthy Nation: Children who are given adequate and sound education, right type of food, a decent shelter, security and unbeatable recreational facilities will spend less in medicine. Thereby maintaining healthy nation.
(iv) Emotionally balanced population: Hence parents put in their child/children the good and balanced emotional control. The child turnout to seek peaceful and legal means of redress in the society. Thereby improving the society into development of emotional balanced population.
(v) Budgeting and finances: In order to keep the economy of a given society going, the citizens need to have good control of their finances. Parents can help to get their children into good financial habits early on.
(vi) Encouraging independent thought: In a democratic society, or indeed in any society, good citizenship involves expressing one’s opinions, and also respecting the opinions of others. This is seen not least in the voting process. Responsible parenthood, then, also involves teaching children to respect others’ opinions – and to develop their own opinions too. Tolerance of others is a true civic virtue.

(You are required to answer at least ONE Question From This section
(i) Life coping skills: These refer to strategies used to help you get through difficult situations that life throws at you
(ii) Intellectual skills: These refer to the ways of thinking and problem-solving used by professionals in a field
(iii) Decision making skills: This is the ability to select between two or more alternatives to reach the best outcome in the shortest time.
(iv) Leadership skills: These are the strengths and abilities individuals demonstrate that help the oversee processes, guide initiatives and steer their employees toward the achievement of goals
(v) Negotiation skills: These are qualities that allow two or more sides to reach a compromise. These are often soft skills such as persuasion, planning, strategizing and cooperating
(vi) Motivational/self-actualization skills: These refers to the actions you take to elicit a desired outcome, response or behavior.
(vii) Communicative skills: This is the ability to convey or share ideas and feelings effectively.
(viii) Artistic skills: This is a particular skill or a flair for something, especially an artistic pursuit.
(ix) Interpersonal/human relation skills: These are the behaviors and tactics a person uses to interact with others effectively

(i) To inculcate discipline in Nigerian youths by instilling in them a tradition of industry at work, and of patriotic and loyal service to Nigeria in any situation they may find themselves.

(ii) To raise the moral tone of the Nigerian youths by giving them the opportunity to learn about higher ideals of national achievement, social and cultural improvement

(iii) To develop in the Nigerian youths the attitudes of mind, acquired through shared experience and suitable training which will make them more amenable to mobilisation in the national interest

(iv) To enable Nigerian youths acquire the spirit of self reliance by encouraging them to develop skills for self employment

(vi) To contribute to the accelerated growth of the national economy by engaging them in different productive areas of national economy such as in farms, and in private enterprises.

(v) To develop common ties among the Nigerian youths and promote national unity and integration

(vi) To provide greater employment opportunities for the youths by ensuring greater job opportunities are available to the fresh graduates.

(You are required to answer at least ONE Question From This Section)

(i) Poor orientations and low salaries: Public servants get poor or no orientations about their jobs and various offices held. This is coupled with their low salary earnings as pea-nut which is another reason for the shortcomings in the public service.

(ii) Lack of qualified personnel: Most personnel in various public service offices either neglect their right jobs or have little or no experience about it but carry out such services due to their search for greener pasture.

(iii) Waste of manpower and resources: This is another form of over-staffing which leads duplication of offices in the ministries. It appears as a waste of man power and resources when the public service pays excess money for little efforts since there would be no much job for them to carry out in their various offices.

(iv) Corruption: The effectiveness of the public service has been slowed down by bribery and corruption to the extent that public servants failed to perform their official duties as they look forward to bribery before carrying out their jobs.

(v) Colonial influence: Most public corporations incorporated in Nigeria during the colonial era and no longer inform since the departure of colonial masters who were the initiators of this public services and corporation. The independence saga and influence brought about some shortcomings into the public service, as some of these public corporations were seized and manipulated by private individuals into their own private businesses.

(vi) Political instability: constant and regular change of top rank office holders in public service brings about constant instability of rules and regulations. This constantly leads to the shortcomings in the public service sector in Nigeria

(vii) Political interference: Many governments in power do not allow the free flow of duties dye to the undue interferences which at most times is only favourable to politician. They regularly fixed upon various tasks they are ignorant of , but only their political wings attached them to such jobs.

(vii) Inconsistency of government policies/Bureaucracy: In Nigeria, a change of government many times means changes in policies.Bureaucracy refers to excessive use of formalities in the public service, which militate against its effectiveness.

WAEC Civic Possible Questions and Answers 2023/2024



(i) Right to life, Liberty and security of the person

(ii) Right to non-discrimination equality before the law and equal protection by the law

(iii) Right to the freedom of movement and to choose a residence

(iv) Right to freedom of force labour, slavery, slavery-like practices and servitude

(v) Right to freedom and of thought, conscience and religion

(vi) The right to peaceful assembly and freedom of association

(vii) Right to freedom of opinion and expression


(i) Giving financial support to human rights abuse victims

(ii) Individuals are expected to become conscious their right as citizens and be ready to claim it.

(iii) Joining human rights groups to promote respect for all human rights

(iv) Willingness to report cases of human rights abuse to necessary authorities



A secret cult group is referred to as a dangerous and deadly group that share common ideologies, believe in secret, esoteric, mystic and engage in violent practices.


(i)Public campaign against cultism: Different organizations, including the government, schools, religious institutions, and parents, should promote awareness against cultism. Seminars and workshops should be organized to discuss the dangers of cultism all over schools without leaving out the primary schools.

(ii)Government Standard: The government should also make laws to punish cultists for pushing away students and young people from joining these groups. The political leaders supporting them should also be put to judgment because they are damaging other children’s lives to make theirs better

(iii) Discipline and Studying hard in school to achieve success: Students should be kept busy and engage in school via curricular and extra curricular activities. Because it is a known fact that an “idle mind is the devil’s workshop”. When students are engage with hard work, they will not have time to join cult.

(iv) Civic Education should be made compulsory in the primary and secondary schools in the country.

Parents should take time to understand their children, give enough time to listen to them at home and satisfy their emotional psychological and physical needs.


Youth Empowerment is a development programme aimed at creating opportunities that will encourage and develop the youths to be morally responsible, self-reliant and financially productive citizens.


(i) Life Coping Skills: These are natural skills which every organism including man, acquires from birth to adapt fittingly in his or its environment. They are survival Instincts or skills.

(ii) Manipulative Skills: These skills are seen in skills acquisition centres as it involves economic activities that inculcate skills such as technical education.

(iii) Intellectual Skills: These skills are coordinates in character. It is the literary or theoretical frameworks that guide the practical aspects of the works, economic and scientific undertakings

(iv) Communicative Skills: Communication is a very important aspect of our life. Man evolved communications skills as a social being to enable him pass or send information from one person to the other or from place to place.

(v) Artistic Skills: These are close to communicative skills and are more complex. Includes they art of good writing, fine and applied arts, music and drama. These skills make effective use of all the other four kinds of skills where necessary.

(vi)Decision-making skills; These  can be the difference in making a choice that improves your organization. The aptitude to make decisions is a leadership trait, which portrays your ability to think objectively and relates concepts to the goals you’re trying to reach.


(You are required to answer at least ONE Question From This Section)


Modern mode of popular participation is the mode of popular participation carried out through expressing of oneself through the mass media.


[Pick Any SiX]

(i) Legitimacy of elected governments: If citizens  actively participate in electoral process, society will have an elected  legitimate government.

(ii) National development: There will be  rapid socio-economic development if citizens participate in the  electoral or political process.

(iii) Political stability: This ensures law  and order for economic and political development in the society.

(iv) Responsible and responsive government: The society will  elect or get a government that is receptive to the people’s concerns, needs and  aspirations.

(v) Political awareness: When citizens  participate in the electoral/political process, they will become politically  conscious, enjoy their rights and perform corresponding duties and obligations  to the society.

(vi)  Credible elections: When citizens  actively participate in the electoral or political process it will confer  credibility on the process.

(vii) Peaceful order of succession: Peaceful  transition is ensured from one regime to another.

(viii) Peace and harmony: When citizens  actively participate in the political process they will enjoy peace and harmony  without much agitation.

(ix) Accountability, transparency, due process  and probity:  Active  participation of citizens in the political process ensures accountability,  transparency, due process and probity in governance for the common good of the  society.


Tips for Passing the WAEC Civic Education Exam in 2023

The advice provided below will help you effortlessly complete your WAEC Civic Education questions.

1. Study Deeply

We both understand that working hard is correlated with exam success. What am I saying? Under normal circumstances, every student who puts forth the necessary effort to study will ace any test.

2. Read the WAEC Civic Past Questions

Every year, civic education questions are repeated by the West African Examination Council (WAEC). You would have a better chance of earning high marks on the WAEC Civic Education exam if you used former exams.

I wish you success in your WASSCE Civic Examination.

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