WAEC Government Questions and Answers 2023/2024 (Easy and Objectives)

I will be showing you the 2023/2024 WAEC Government objective and theory questions and answers for free. You will also understand how WAEC Government questions are set and many more examination details.

The West African Examination Council is an examination has released new questions and answers for the 2023/2024 WASSCE. All concerned candidates can now access free legit answers for government. All expo posted on this website are free. You do not have to pay any money to get them.

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WAEC Government Theory Questions and Answers 2023/2024

Mid night answers will be posted here today, 4 hours before your examination.

Today’s WAEC Government answers:



(i) Failure of the past government: Due to the failure of the past government in fulfilling fair promises.

(ii) Fear of intimidation: This may discourage the individuals the opportunity of expressing his opinions freely and this may affect his trust in the government.

(iii) Aparthy/Lack of interest: This may create distrust or barrier between individuals and government

(iv) Poverty: This may discourage citizens to trust government due to high level of Poverty in the country

(v) Ignorance/illiteracy: The efforts of this is that citizens may not see the need to participate in politics due to their lack of knowledge on the government activities.



(i) Independence of the electoral body: The electoral body should be made autonomous rather than appendages of the executive arm government. Government should not interfere with the conduct of election.

(ii) Secret balloting: Voting should be done secretly, so as to give the voters the freedom to vote for canditate of their choice.

(iii) Political education of the electorates: The electorates should be educated on their rights and how to identify party symbols and the proper manner of voting.

(iv) Non-inference: There should be no political interference in the affairs of the commission

(v) Appointment: The officials of the commission should not be appointed by the executive government. It should be done by the independent body whic is the commission.

(vi) Integrity: Those to be appointed into the commission must be people of proven integrity and transparent honesty.

(vii) Legal backing: The commission should be adequately backed up with the laws to enable it command respect and obedience from political parties and candidates.



(i) Settlement of disputes: The traditional rulers performed some judicial functions by settling dispute among the people in their community

(ii) Creation of law enforcement: They also created law enforcement institutions like e.g age grades and masquerade to enable them maintain law and order in the community

(iii) The use of ancestral spirits: The ancestral spirits were used by the traditional rulers to control their subjects which they believe guides their footsteps.

(iv) The  use of sanction and punishments: These measures were applied against law breakers in the community, e.g banishment.

(v) The introduction of rewards: people who had contributed to the development of their areas were rewarded with titles or distribution of land and war booty.

(vi) Appointment of Chiefs: Chiefs were appointed by traditional rulers in order to use them to control their subjects.

(vii) Conscription of youths: The traditional rulers conscripted youths to perform forced labour and serve in the British army during the world wars.



(i) Settlement of disputes:

The pre-colonial traditional rulers settled disputes. Disputes are normal in every society and pre-colonial societies in West Africa were no exception. Any dispute that arose was settled by the chiefs. Culprits were punished and the innocent were set free. This was one of the ways chiefs controlled their subjects.

(ii) Law enforcement:

There were law enforcement institutions in place to ensure law enforcement. Some of the enforcement institutions were the Age grades, masquerades, and militant groups like the Asafo companies among the Akans. These enforcement institutions were used in controlling the subjects.

(iii) Use of ancestral spirits:

The traditional belief that when the living misbehaved, the dead who lived in the after world could punish them, was another ingenious way of controlling the people. This belief in the underworld was common in pre-colonial times and nobody wanted to be on the wrong side of the gods hence they obeyed the laws thus helping the chiefs maintain control.

(iv) Customs or taboos and conventions:

There were things that the traditional society frowned upon and the society never compromised on them. These were aspects of their customs, taboos, and conventions. Any infraction of the customs, taboos or conventions attracted a certain form of fine or sanctions. This way, the chiefs were able to control their subjects.

(v) Oath taking:

In pre-colonial times, one of the ways of ascertaining the truth was the taking of an oath, to tell the truth. There were serious repercussions for anybody who took the oath and still went ahead to tell a lie. The oath was usually taken before the gods of the land represented by the Chief Priests. Sub-chiefs were also made to swear oaths to remain loyal to the Paramount Chief. All these helped to keep them in line.


E-Government is defined as the employment of the internet and the world wide web for delivering government information and services to the citizen. E-government describes the use of technology to facilitate the operation of government and the dispersement of information and services.



(1) Ultimate goal: The ultimate goal of the E government is to be able to offer an increased portfolio of public services to citizens in an efficient and cost effective manner. E-government allows for government transparency. This is important because it allows the public to be informed about what the government is working on as well as the policies they are trying to implement.

(ii) Efficient performance: Many changes such as marital status or addresses can be a long process and take a lot of paper work for citizens. E-government allows these tasks to be performed efficiently with more convenience to individuals.

(iii) Political participation: E-government is an easy way for the public to be more involved in political campaigns. It could increase voter awareness which could lead to an increase in citizen participation in elections.

(iv) Convenient and cost effective: It is convenient and cost-effective for businesses and the public benefits by getting easy access to the most current information available without having to spend time, energy and money to get it.

(iii) Political participation: E-government is an easy way for the public to be more involved in political campaigns. It could increase voter awareness which could lead to an increase in citizen participation in elections.

(iv) Convenient and cost effective: It is convenient and cost-effective for businesses and the public benefits by getting easy access to the most current information available without having to spend time, energy and money to get it.

(v) Accessibility: E-government helps to simplify processes and makes access to government information more easily accessible for public sector agencies and citizen

(vi) Accountability: E Government transparency will give insight to the public on how decisions are made and hold  elected officials or accountable for their actions. The public public servants could become a direct and prominent influence in government legislation to some degree.

(vii) Interaction with computers: E government allows the citizen to interact with computers to achieve objectives at any time and any location and eliminates the necessity for physical travel to government agents sitting behind desks and windows.

(viii) Quicker processing time: Improved accounting and record keeping can be noted through computerization and information and forms can be easily accessed, equating quicker processing time.

WAEC 2022 Government Past Questions and answers

Below are sure WAEC Government questions.

1. Power differs from influence in that it is
A. persuasive while influence is directive
B. coercive while influence is harmful
C. coercive while influence is persuasive
D. arrogant while influence is corruptive

2. The standing committee of a legislature is one
A. whose member stand while deliberating
B. that has statutory responsibilities
C. that perform adhoc functions
D. that has legislators as members.

3 . Where the constitution is supreme, unconstitutional acts of the executive and the legislature can be checked by the courts through
A. recall
B. judicial review
C. vote of no confidence
D. impeachment.

4. The central decision-making organ of a confederation is made up of
A. technocrats appointed by the units
B. politicians elected from the confederal constituencies
C. politicians nominated by the government of member states
D. representatives of pressure groups.

5 . Which of the following is true of a parliamentary system of government?
A. clear separation of government organs.
B. strict operation of a bicameral legislature.
C. removal of government by impeachment.
D. adherence to majority rule.

6. A major feature of authoritarianism is that government is
A. consensual
B. personalized
C. centralized
D. decentralized.

7. The central point of capitalism, as expounded by Karl Marx, is that
A. capitalist profit is the surplus value obtained from workers labour
B. workers are inherently incapable of being owners of their labour
C. capitalists shall always increase worker earning capacity through wages
D. capitslists shall always readily consent to workers welfare demands.

8. A constitution that requires a plebiscite or a referendum to be amended is
A. rigid
B. unwritten
C. flexible
D. written

9. An important function of a constitution is that it
A. provide a framework for the study of government
B. facilities cross-fertilization of ideas of governance
C. serves as the fountain head of authority for the exercise of power
D. promotes citizen participation in government and administration.

10. When a bill passed by the legislature is vetoed by the executive, the action underscores the principle
A. probity and accountability
B. separation of powers
C. collective responsibility
D. checks and balances.

10. When a bill passed by the legislature is vetoed by the executive, the action underscores the principle
A. probity and accountability
B. separation of powers
C. collective responsibility
D. checks and balances.

11. In the legislative process, a bill is pass
A. motion accepted for debate
B. motion rejected after debate
C. proposal before the legislature
D. law pass by the legislature.

12. One of the advantages of a bicameral over a unicameral legislature is that it
A. is cheap to maintain
B. promotes social equality
C. takes less time for the bills to be passed
D. prevents the passage of ill-considered bills.

13. The fundamental rights of citizens include rights to
A. free education, employment and freedom of thought
B. life, speech and association
C. life, liberty and property
D. association, property and social security.

14. The manipulation of boundaries of constituencies in order to win more seats is called
A. devolution
B. rigging
C. gerrymandering
D. delimitation

15. One argument against a multi-party system is the
A. encouragement of opposition and instability
B. banning of interest groups
C. inability to attract foreign assistance
D. high cost of conducting elections.

16. Associational interest groups are organized to
A. Further the interest of members
B. Specifically lobby the government
C. Support the government
D. Achieve goals affecting other associations.

17. Public opinion is a view that is
A. held by the majority
B. active in the public realm
C. widely publicized
D. no longer a secret.

18. The political neutrality of civil servants implies that they
A. are not allowed to join any organisation or group
B. have no dealings with politicians
C. are not allowed to be involved in partisan politics
D. are not allowed to vote.

19. The idea of making the civil service permanent, neutral and anonymous is to
A. Enhance efficiency in administration
B. Ensure loyalty and support
C. Prevent opposition to government
D. Make civil servants a functional elite.

20. The western zone of the Sokoto caliphate was administered from
A. kebbi
B. Ilorin
C. Bida
D. Gwandu.

21. Some pre-colonial Nigerian societies are described as stateless because
A. they had no formal governmental institutions
B. they had no definite political boundaries
C. their population was too small
D. they were not independent.

22. The method used by the British to facilitate the administration of Southern Nigeria was
A. Persuation
B. Dialogue
C. Divide and rule
D. Trade association.

23. A major function of the warrant chiefs was to
A. prevent tribal wars
B. supervise native courts and markets
C. stop ritual killings
D. take charge of local administration.

24. After 1945, the demand of African nationalists changed from reform to independence because
A. colonial rule became less oppressive
B. colonial rule was in disarray
C. the second world war boosted their morale
D. the second world war enhanced colonial rule.

25. When Nigeria achieved independence in 1960, the head of state was the
A. president
B. prime minister
C. Governor-General
D. Queen of England.

26. Delegated legislature becomes unavoidable when
A. legislators cannot reach a consensus
B. issues under consideration are personal
C. issues under consideration are technical
D. legislators have to proceed on a recess.

27. One major disadvantage of public opinion is that
A. the critics of government policies are always harassed
B. a vocal minority claims to represent the majority
C. gossip and rumours thrive
D. leaders are unnecessarily criticized.

28. Citizenship in a modern state expresses the status of a person who possesses
A. full political rights
B. some religious rights
C. social right only
D. exclusive economic rights.

29. Communism is a system which recognizes
A. class stratification
B. the existence of the state
C. the existence of the individual
D. the ability of the individual

30. The delineation of constituencies is a major duty of the
A. national assembly
B. political parties
C. boundary commission
D. electoral commission

31. The structure of the civil service is based on
A. lateral organisation
B. merit system
C. patronage system
D. hierachical organization.

32. A common feature of a multi-party system is that government is formed by
A. the major political party
B. all the registered political parties
C. a coalition of political parties
D. the party with the highest votes.

33. To qualify for absorption into the administration cadre of the civil service in Nigeria, an applicant must be
A. knowledgable in civil services rule
B. a holder of a first university degree
C. specifically trained in public administration
D. a senior civil serv.ant

34. The final interpretation pf the provisions of a federal constitution is vested in the
A. head of state
B. council of state
C. highest legislative body
D. highest court of the land.

35. A major issue that distinguishes pressure groups from political parties is
A. Membership drive
B. The objective
C. The voting pattern
D. Idealogy.

36. Proportional representation is a system of allocating seats in the legislature based on
A. gender participation in polities
B. an area
C. contribution to the national economy
D. total votes in an election.

37. The application of the principle of separation of powers seems impracticable because powers is
A. delegated
B. centralized
C. fused
D. separated

38. When did Nigeria gain her Independence?
A. 1st October, 1963
B. 31st October, 1690
C. 1st October, 2012
D. 1st October, 1960
E. 12th October, 1992

39. The central legislature of Nigeria became bicameral in
A. 1960
B. 1951
C. 1959
D. 1963

40. Which of these constitutions recognized local government as a third tier of government in Nigeria?
A. 1946 Constitution.
B. 1960 Constitution.
C. 1963 Constitution.
D. 1979 Constitution.

41. Under the 1963 constitution, items not listed in the exclusive and concurrent list were within the exclusive competence of the
A. Executive
B. federal parliament
C. regional legislatures
D. judiciary

42. Before Nigeria became a republic, the highest body charged with the administrator of justice was the
A. Privy council
B. High court
C. Supreme court
D. Court of appeal

43. The equivalent of the commissioner at the local government level is the
A. Executive chairman
B. Secretary
C. Councilor
D. Supervisory councilor.

44. The Independent National Electoral Commission has the power to prepare and maintain the register of
A. Political parties
B. Constituencies
C. Voters
D. Electoral candidates.

45. The president of Nigeria is advised on the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the country by the
A. National Security Council
B. National Defense Council
C. Council of state
D. Federal Executive Council

46. The Nigerian Youth Movement collapsed as the result of
A. Its failure to win election
B. Shortage of funds to run its affairs
C. The harassment of its leadership by the government.
D. The breakup of its leadership.

47. The first restructuring of the Nigerian Federation took place with the
A. Creation of mid-west Region in 1963
B. Abolition of federalism in 1966
C. Military counter-coup in 1966
D. Creation of states in 1967

48. The land use decree of 1978 vested the ownership of land in Nigeria in the
A. local chiefs
B. local governments
C. state governments
D. federal governments

49. The main source of financing local government in Nigeria is
A. internal revenue generation
B. statutory revenue allocation
C. special state grants
D. grants-in-aid

50. The most remarkable legacy of the 1976 Local Government Reform in Nigeria was the introduction of
A. the office of sole administrators
B. caretaker management committees
C. uniformity in structure and functions
D. the third tier of government.

WAEC Government Essay Questions 2023

  1. Outline three merits and three demerits of Separation of Powers.
  2. Explain six functions performed by political parties in your country.
  3. Describe six factors that can determine the effectiveness of pressure groups
  4. Explain six duties expected to be performed by a citizen of a state.
  5. (a) What is a state?
    (b) Outline five reasons why individuals must belong to a state.
    6. How did the people of British West African territories govern themselves before the
    advent of colonial rule.
  6. 7. What are the main criticisms levelled against the 1946 Richards Constitution of Nigeria.
  7. 8. Outline six benefits Nigeria derives from her membership of the United Nations


WAEC Government Essay and Objective 2022 (EXPO)

The above questions are not exactly 2023 WAEC Government questions and answers but likely WAEC Government repeated questions and answers.

These questions are for practice. The 2023 WAEC Government expo will be posted on this page during the WAEC Government examination. Keep checking and reloading this page for the answers.

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Tips for Passing WAEC Government Questions and Answers 2023/2024

1. Prepare a reading timetable and stick to it

Making a timetable is the best way to prepare for the WAEC exam. A timetable will allow you to read everything you need to before the exam. When making a timetable, make sure to give more time to core subjects. Core subjects are the five subjects that you should pass before entering your field of study.

2. Start Reading as Early as Possible

Different people have different ideas about when to begin studying for the WAEC exam. So, I believe the best time to begin studying for the WAEC exam is now. There is no such thing as too late or too early; simply pick up your book and begin covering as many topics as you can.

3. Do not allow people’s opinions to stop you from reading

One of the major issues that WAEC candidates face is that they allow other people’s opinions and words to discourage them. Allowing other people’s words to penetrate your mind will cause fear, which is not good for examination candidates.

4. Get recommended WAEC materials and read them.

The next step if you want to pass the WAEC exam is to get past questions and go through them. Materials such as textbooks, notebooks, past questions, and so on. Reading past questions is essential if you are a WAEC candidate because WAEC sometimes repeats questions.

5. Be determined to Pass

Without determination, there is no success. Some students believe that passing exams in one sitting is impossible, but this belief is false; if you are determined and focused, you will pass your exams and come out with flying colors.

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