In the name of Allah, Most Merciful, Most Merciful.
The holy flight of the Prophet Muhammad (SAWS) from Mecca to Medina on Friday, September 24, 622 AD (13th Rabiul-Awwal, 1) is commonly referred to as Hijrah. This is because it was a unique day when Islam was saved from extinction. It was the day when the Prophet Muhammad (SAWS) was saved from death by the idolaters in Makkah who viewed his mission as a threat to their idol worship. It was a special day when the seal of all the prophets had to submit in humility to the enmity of the desperate idolaters who were determined to kill him. It was a day of sorrow and joy where the rejected Prophet (SAWS) in Makkah was received with ovation and pomp in Medina, the City of Light.
Indeed, the Hijrah day was a difficult period for the Prophet (SAWS) as he was ordered by Almighty Allah to leave his ancestral home, Makkah, and go to Madinah. The idolaters actually pursued him after they regained consciousness after Allah Almighty put them to sleep before the great Prophet (SAWS) who was sent to mankind as a mercy to escape the expedition of the disbelievers. The Holy Quran, Yasin, 36:8-9 testifies: “We have put yokes around their necks up to their chins, so that their heads are pushed up and they cannot see. And we have placed a beam in front of them and a beam behind them, and furthermore we have covered them so that they cannot see.”
The Hijrah episode has really disgraced the fetish-consultation of the idolaters to fish the vehicle for the universal message to the whole world from its hideous trench with its companion, Abu-Bakr. It actually led to the murder of Suraqa, the oracle soothsayer for the idolaters. Mohammed (PBUH) and Abu Bakr had left the city and took shelter in a cave on Mount Thawr south of Makkah before continuing their journey to evade the Quraysh party that was chasing them led by Suraqa bin Malik. They stayed in the cave for three days before resuming their journey. During the journey, whenever Suraqa approached Muhammad (SAW) and Abu Bakr, Suraqa’s horse stumbled until he finally gave up the desire to capture Muhammad (SAW). Prophet Muhammad (SAWS) and Abu Bakr turned to the Red Sea, followed the coastline as far as Medina and arrived at Quba’. He stopped at Quba’ near Medina and set up a mosque there. The Prophet Muhammad (SAWS) waited there for 14 days for Ali (his cousin whom he had left on his bed as camouflage to escape) and his family to join him. He then continued on to Medina, participating in their first Friday prayers along the way. Upon reaching the city, they were warmly greeted by the people of Medina Munawara (the enlightened city).
Verily, the Hijrah story was the climax, the culmination, the central theme and the decisive factor for Islam to remain, to prosper and spread throughout the world. It gives the eternal hope that Islam will continue to overcome all obstacles for eternity (Qur’an 3:110; 42:15; 6:14, 163; 39:12).
The Hijrah undoubtedly demonstrates Islam as a religion of peace, spreading peacefully around the world, never through terrorism. The religion spread through knowledge of the Holy Quran and Sunnah (practice) of the Prophet Muhammad (SAWS), in the age of reason and knowledge. After all, the Prophet Muhammad (SAWS) left the city of Makkah despite hostilities, without fighting the idolaters who persecuted him (Qur’an 2:256; 5:45; 5:3; 13:19-22; 22:78; 30:30 ; 42:13-15; 45:18).
So the best hijra (holy flight) is for mankind to shun what Almighty God forbids and embrace His commandments. Quran 3:110 recommends to Muslims: “You are the best of the peoples developed for mankind who enjoin the good, forbid the evil and believe in God. If only the people of the book had faith, it was best for them; among them are some who have faith, but most of them are perverted transgressors.”
Meanwhile, the Hijrah, ie the emigration from one place to another, did not begin with the Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAWS). It actually started with the first human creation and the first Prophet, Adam (AS) (Qur’an 2:30). The father of mankind, Adam, and his wife, Hawau, were created to live in peace, harmony and total bliss in the Garden of Eden (Qur’an 2:35).
But just as the Hijrah for all 124,000 Prophets and Messengers of God in history was caused by crises, Prophet Adam and his wife sinned by taking the forbidden fruit in Paradise after being deceived by Satan.
Hence, Almighty Allah commanded Adam and Hawau to leave for Earth where they will live and die with hardship and hardship and happiness. Quran 2:36 says: “Then Satan made them slip out of the Garden and take them out of the state of happiness they were in. Almighty God said: “Desist, all (people) with enmity between you. On earth will be your dwelling place and your means of livelihood for a time.”
The emigration (Hijrah) of the Prophet Adam and his wife from Paradise to earth was symbolic as the basis of man’s place on earth. It confirms man’s historical antecedent that he will remain on earth for a while and will return to the earth from which he was created and then answer for his deeds on earth on the Day of Judgment (Qur’an 7:25).
Quran 7:19-25 says: “O Adam! You and your wife dwell in the garden and enjoy (its good things) as you please, but do not approach this tree or you will run into damage and transgressions. Then Satan began to whisper suggestions to them, openly bringing before their eyes all their shame that had been hidden from them (previously). He said: ‘Your Lord has forbidden you this tree only, that you should not become angels or such creatures who live eternally’. And he swore to both of them that he was their sincere adviser. So by deceit he caused their fall. When they tasted the tree, their shame became apparent to them and they began to sew the leaves of the garden together over their bodies. And their Lord cried to them, “Did I not forbid you that tree, and tell you that Satan was a recognized enemy to you?” They said: ‘Our Lord! We have wronged our own souls. If You do not forgive us and grant us Your mercy, we will surely perish.” (God) said: ‘Go away with enmity between you. On earth will be your dwelling place and your means of livelihood for a time. In it you will live and in it you will die; but from it you will be taken away (at last).’”
But there is no lasting sin for Adam and his wife, as they were forgiven on Mount Arafat near Makkah, where they met after several years of wandering the earth seeking forgiveness from Almighty Allah (Qur’an 2: 37). So, Muslim pilgrims gather on the plain of the mountain every 9th day of Dhul-Hijjah to seek Allah’s forgiveness for their sins (Qur’an 3:97).
Also, the Prophet Nuh (AS) went on emigration (Hijrah) in the Ark with those who believed in his mission of the unity of God, and mates of all animals (Qur’an 21:76-77). His people were given over to unbelief, oppression of the poor, and vain discussions. For nine hundred and fifty years they disputed his mission, including his son.
They were all consumed by a terrible flood that poured down the earth and sky, while the Prophet Nuh and his people were rescued in the Ark and landed safely on Mount Judi in modern Turkey, which extends to Iraq, Syria and Persia. (Qur’an 11:25-49). It was revealed to Noah: “None of your people will believe except those who have already believed! So grieve no longer over their (evil) deeds. But build upon Ark under our eyes and our inspiration, and address me no further) on behalf of those who are in sin: for they are about to be overwhelmed (in the flood)” (Qur’an 11:36-37) .
Moreover, the Prophet Hud (as) who was sent to the ‘Ad people emigrated (Hijrah) with those who believed in him. His people had rejected the truthful message of the oneness of God. They were consumed by a torrent of hot pellets (Qur’an 11:50-60). Quran 11:58 says: “So when our Decree was issued, we saved Hud and those who believed with him by (special) grace from Ourselves. We saved them from a severe punishment.”